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Sergey Krivenko

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Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

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Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

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Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

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Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

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Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

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Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in general, the command they could not do anything other than dismissal. The Criminal Code of Russia has a separate article – failure to comply with an illegal order. And the most that for it threatens – the dismissal from the army one way or another.

Basically, of course, this applies to contract servicemen. Conscripts still trying to not use it. For those who professed pacifist, anti-militarist sentiments, I remind you that there is a law on alternative military service in Russia. And in respect of the refusal of service by conviction that this law is one of the best in the world.

– Sergey, there is a question regarding the legality of the fact that Russia conducts its appeal in the Crimea. What choice for those who received a summons?

Krivenko: Firstly, the call is not so big. 1600 – it is a little, and, according to Russian law, not every young man should serve in the army. As the army is equipped with longer contract, it is called by about one-third of young people. So what chance do not get a summons is. In addition, there is a delay for higher education, social delay. They pretty much all of them are set forth in the law.

The system is designed so that neither the military commissar, no draft board or staff draft board did not decide to delay or not. If the legal status of a person allows you to get a reprieve under a law draft board is obliged simply to issue it. So I advise the children of draft age to pay attention to it. Law relatively simple to him a lot of comments and benefits from human rights organizations.

Another important point – the eligibility criteria for health. Military service is accompanied by a huge load – mental, physical, emotional. There is a list of diseases to which the army did not call. Diseases schedule – an open document, available everywhere. There are diseases, which can live quietly in peace, but they do not call in the troops.

For example, flat feet. We have about a third of young people are not fit for service for health reasons, and that the global total. In this case, the recruit must provide military ID and dismissal from the army. This occurs when you call, during medical examination – this procedure is also spelled out in the law, and citizens have the right to ask for additional inspections if it considers that the verification of the medical recruiting office thoroughly enough. And, of course, is the possibility of alternative civilian service.

– Sergei, do you have any colleagues from the Crimea, have fallen in the service of the Russian army?

Vikarchuk: Yes, a lot. To my surprise, they are proud of it. For me to swear twice – it’s an insult. But it is their right. As they say, they have a better ankle boots. Apparently, this is the criterion by which they became more comfortable to serve in that army. I do not mind. But for me, the people in conflict with certain moral, ethical, and place there. I am glad that they are there.

– The Russian army did better in terms of material goods?

Vikarchuk: Yes, it applies to the financial allowances, and provisions. In the Russian army with this order of magnitude better. My friends there comfortably – especially when you consider that they are more interested in the financial side.

– Is there a promotion? There was information that the same officers that have fallen in the service of the Russian army, was reduced in rank.

Vikarchuk: I would not say. People occupy the same positions. It all depends on the person, his aspirations and opportunities. Everyone I know from the officer and the soldier’s composition, gradually moving the service. Not the upper echelons, but still.

– And what about the moral component of the issue? These people were given the oath twice.

Vikarchuk: These people are immoral. They recreate for themselves the image of the enemy. Man, yesterday sitting with them at the same table, help, holding out his hand, today became the enemy, which can kill. This can calm yourself, these people so comfortable. You can find yourself different excuses – more pay, better ankle boots.

But you need to have the honor and pride. And the oath given once. I’m not an officer, I am a simple soldier. I swore April 26, 2007 the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian people. Twice I do not intend, and do not understand guys who acted differently. I sincerely wish them to realize made. But, again, it was their right.

Sourse, 04/10/2016

SWAT: renunciation

July 23, 2015

The Russian Defense Ministry has officially confirmed that detainees in May in the Luhansk region, “the men of the GRU” Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev arrived in Donbass, has retired from the Russian Army. This response from the Russian Defense Ministry received a human rights activist and member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. The army. Right”, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group Sergey Krivenko, sent the request in June .

Ukrainian authorities accuse Alexander and Yerofeyev Article about participation in terrorist activities, 22 May a court in Kiev, arrested them for two months.

After the detention of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev said that military personnel are operating, but the Russian Defense Ministry, these data refute . The ministry pointed out that “at the time of his arrest,” Alexandrov and Yerofeyev has retired from the Armed Forces. After that, the detainees said they were not dismissed from the Armed Forces series.

In mid-June, Alexandrov said that in Ukraine now, he would like to be in the status of prisoner of war, not a terrorist or a mercenary. “Still following orders”, – he said.

The detainee said he was not against to file a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. “I do not think that will be working to prove that I am a serviceman can send queries to get proof.”, – he said.

Subsequently, the mother Alexandrova called on  the Russian authorities not to leave her son. In addition, she said that he had never spoken to resign from the army.

Earlier, lawyer Alexander and Yerofeyev Oksana Sokolovsky informed  the media that “the protection of works of Russian commandos exchange for captured Ukrainian soldiers under the Declaration of Helsinki”.

To learn how to appeal to the Ministry of Defense and its rejection of Alexander and Yerofeyev affect their fate, says human rights activist Sergei Krivenko rossiyssky:

– Understand their status at the time of arrest, and was a major issue for the Ministry of Defense. Because when in May Yerofeyev Alexander and detained on the territory of Ukraine, when they had no documents, they are actually self-titled, and there is still no confirmation that they named Alexander and Yerofeyev. Especially [no evidence] that they were servicemen of the Russian army, they claimed. As far as I know, the lawyers, who were provided by the Ukrainian side in the framework of the case against them, the case of terrorism, even in late May sent a request to the Russian consulate in Kiev with the request to confirm that it is the citizens of Russia, it is the military, they say, and it was named after Alexander and Yerofeyev. And since then, as far as I know, there is no response. What we got yesterday, – it is actually the first official response to the Defense Ministry, it stated that they are not soldiers. That is, they were soldiers, but were fired, and the whole plot with Ukraine took place after they were dismissed from the armed forces. Despite the fact that Alexander Yerofeyev and say the opposite.

– Why do defenders Yerofeyev Alexander and now it is important to prove that they were in the Ukraine as the military, and not as “volunteers”? How will this affect their charges and possible terms of punishment at all on their future?

– This, of course, is important for determining protection strategies. Because if it is just the citizens of Russia, they are criminals by national legislation and by the Ukrainian legislation. The article “Terrorism” is pretty tough in Ukraine, there on her face almost life imprisonment. If it is the military, there is a possibility to reclassify charge on espionage, and terms are considerably lower, and then they can be exchanged at all, that is their fate will develop much better if I may say so.

– You from the Ministry of Defense sent out any orders or copies of their dismissal orders, even some documents?

– No. Just out of the army firing procedure is not simple. It really is accompanied by a fairly large number of papers. I need an order from a superior officer, commander of the army or the commander of the military unit of resignation. Alexandrov and Yerofeyev stated that the contract they had just begun and continues, they did not terminate. Therefore, if the Defense Ministry cancels the contract with the military, it also can be done just like that, for that we need some kind of reason. For example, a soldier violates discipline is not to build in part, still something, and these facts must be recorded and executed in accordance with the law. Must be orders, administrative penalties and so on. It is a whole package of documents, and, unfortunately, we have the experience, we know that the military command sometimes resorted to falsification. We have recently been the case in court, where he addressed the issue of dismissal of a contractor, and was able to have it restored by the court, and the court was proved that part of the command, where he served, in fact falsified several of these here orders ad penalties to dismiss such soldier. Practice this, unfortunately, there are Russian military.

– How will the protection of Alexandrov and Yerofeyev after your treatment to the Ministry of Defense and response?

– I’m not the only person who carries out their protection. They are now engaged in the protection of Ukrainian lawyers. There are several Russian lawyers who want to join the case. It’s not easy, but nevertheless, probably, may occur. The whole community, which will help, protect, and to think through the defense strategy of Alexander and Erofeev. Its main goal – to minimize the consequences for them all. If we manage to negotiate and exchange them – this is one option. If you can not, you will have to go to court to challenge all of the Defense Ministry orders for dismissal. And it is quite possible, this practice is, – said Sergey Krivenko.

Another May 20 the head of the “Russian Union of Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers”, a member of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense, Valentina Melnikova addresseda request to the Chief Military Prosecutor Sergeyu Fridinskomu Russia with a request to clarify the status of one of the detained Russians in Ukraine Aleksandra Aleksandrova. With such a request he turned himself in Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union. The request “Soldiers’ Mothers Committees Union” asked the military prosecutor to answer a few questions: “In what order the soldier was in the Ukraine?”, “Under what circumstances, how Sergeant Alexander was able to pass the state border?”, “What steps are being taken by the military prosecutor for soldier returning? ” and “Does the Foreign Ministry participates in the return of the territory of the Russian Alexandrov?”. The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office, according to Melnikova, came in early July:

– We have received quite a terrible answer, we have such a response from the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office has not been since the Soviet era. Is written verbatim: “It is established that Alexander is not the military and its actions abroad were out of his life.” Who installed as determined whether the check to which military unit he served, he was fired – what number, how the order of, on whose initiative – all we are usually written in response to our appeals, it was nothing. It has been established and all. We will surely turn again to the Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office with the requirement to explain how it’s all set. I do not exclude that now, when we called the mother Alexandrov, perhaps, we will sue. Main Military Prosecutor’s Office has no right to make such meaningless answers, – says Valentina Melnikova.

Earlier the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic Igor Carpenter, commenting on the arrest of Alexander and Yerofeyev, called them “fighters of the militia LNR”. However, the SBU reported that prisoners were captured by two officers of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

After the detention of Alexander and Yerofeyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, which denies the existence of the Russian military in Ukraine, made changes to the list of information classified as state secret, by 30 November 1995. Paragraph about secrecy personnel losses during the war are now supplemented by the words “as well as in peacetime, during special operations.”

Sourse, 22/07/2015

About the visit of Russian prisoners of war in Kiev

June 5, 2015

Yesterday, June 3, 2015, in Kiev ended a four-day conference “Dialogue of Russian human rights activists and Ukraine in the name of peace and human rights.”

During the conference, I, as a Development Council member of Civil Society and Human Rights under the President of the Russian Federation, as well as the head of the Ukrainian human rights organization “Center for Civil Liberties” Alexander Matveichuk were given the opportunity to visit the Russian citizens – Sergeant Aleksandra Aleksandrova and Captain Evgeniya Erofeeva, detained on the territory of Ukraine on May 16 and were at the time of our visit (the first of June) in Kiev, in the Main clinical hospital Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

Permission to visit was obtained through the efforts of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights of Ukraine Valery Lutkovska, for what I want to express her great appreciation.

The first thing I want to note the results of a visit – it is a condition in which there were Alexander Alexandrov and Yevgeni Yerofeyev. It’s quite good condition, each – a private room in the hospital, clean and bright. They are receiving medical treatment, Alexandrov at the hospital carried out a unique operation. According to doctors, they have managed to prevent amputation Alexandrov.

Complaints about conditions of detention, to food, to medical care, nor Yerofeyev, nor Alexander are not expressed. Strongly confirmed they are cases of torture, or of any physical impact on them after his arrest. Depressed Yerofeyev and Alexander did not look, stayed with dignity.

Yerofeyev and Alexandria since the captivity are unable to contact his family, all of them well-known phones of relatives blocked or do not respond. They are worried about their relatives and requested assistance in establishing contacts with relatives.

Ukrainian authorities brought Yerofeyev and Alexandrov charges of terrorism. According to the law of Ukraine on free legal aid, the Bar Association of Kiev they provided lawyers, speaking in Russian. With the lawyers they have already begun to work, and Yerofeyev and Alexandrov said that the lawyers they are quite satisfied.

Against them an article (part 3 of article 285 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine) as the maximum measure provides for a life sentence. According to the lawyer, they will seek re-qualification of the article on the article “spying” (article 114, from 10 to 15 years in prison), but it is only if we can prove that Yerofeyev, and Alexandria are active Russian Armed forces.

Themselves detained during the conversation confirmed that they were to capture soldiers of the Russian army, one of the orders of dismissal are not familiar with, the terms of contracts they had not yet ended.

So far, the Russian government has not officially responded to the lawyers requests, transmitted by the Russian consul, which contained a request to confirm the identity and status of the accused. Since during the arrest they have no documents were found, the first and last names, and what they are, it is known only from the words of the accused.

As Chairman of the Standing Commission on Civil-Military Relations HRC take the case to protect the rights Yerofeyev and Alexandrov control.

Sergey Krivenko, Moscow, June 4, 2015

Sergey Krivenko, a member of the Presidential Human Rights Council, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Right “, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Group

Sourse, 04/06/2015

Результаты поиска:

Autumn conscription: are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army?

October 5, 2016

Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? How high is the probability that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria? And whether Crimeans can refuse to serve in the Russian army?

Human rights activists believe that the appeal in the Russian army in the territory annexed Crimea contrary to international law, but is now on the peninsula declared a third appeal. Are Crimeans to serve in the Russian army? And what if you received a summons? This is in Ukrainian studio “Krym.Realii” conversation with a member of ATO, migrants from the Crimea – Sergei Vikarchuk, and a member of the Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Standing Commission of the HRC on civil-military relations, the director of the Judicial Group “Citizen. Army. Law “, member of the Moscow Helsinki Group – Sergey Krivenko.

According to the statement of the Russian military commissariat of the peninsula, in the spring of 2016 more than a thousand Crimean people have joined the ranks of the Russian army. Kremlin-controlled military Crimea Anatoly Maloletko Commissioner said that this year, the peninsula was the plan of the Russian Federation has 1,600 conscripts. All of them will serve in the Crimea.

Coordinator of the Human Rights Group of the Crimean Olga Skrypnyk said that the Crimean people may send to the service and outside the peninsula since Russia annexed Crimea included in the Southern Federal District in this year. Call for military service men aged 18 to 27 years, the life of the Russian army – 1 year. According to human rights activists, residents annexed Crimea can use international law and to refuse to serve in the Russian army.

According to the military commissioner of the Crimea Anatoly Maloletko during spring conscription in 2016 delivery plan was fulfilled by 99%. A particular problem was a delivery driver, and then played a role that the Commissioner did not consider the difficulties with renewal of driving licenses by the Russian model.

– The “Krym.Realii” visiting a refugee from the Crimea, ATO party Sergey Vikarchuk. In 2007 Sergey been serving, the training part was held in the Ukraine and in dosluzhival Perevalnoye in coastal defense. When the war began, Sergei was mobilized from the Crimea. Sergei, you have made a choice and have remained faithful to the oath. As you look at what is now Russia in the Crimea is gaining in his army guys?

Vikarchuk: Unfortunately, we can not influence it. The Russian side is not considered international law. I’m sorry guys, who are nationals of Ukraine, are automatically involved in the violation of international law. It is a pity, because I understand what the Russian army – hazing, a mess.

– What are the chances that Crimeans can be in the zone of military conflict in the Donbass, and found themselves on opposite sides of the front of his countrymen? Did you meet with the Crimeans, fighting on the side of the separatists?

Vikarchuk: Yes. There were guys from my town who fought on the side of the Donbas. They are not hiding, social networks can see their profiles. And do not be surprised if these guys in the case of full-scale conflict would be forced to stand against us.

– These people serve as a volunteer?

Vikarchuk: Those that now – more volunteers. Mobilized for military service officially there are unlikely to find – even if they were there.

– With regard to our head of the permanent commission on military Rights under the President of Russia, a member of the Moscow Helsinki Grpupy Sergey Krivenko. Sergey, how likely that he was on military service in the Russian army krymchanin may be in the conflict zone in the Donbass or Syria?

Krivenko: According to Russian law, a soldier can send to any place in the country or outside it, for that there is a formal resolution of the Federation Council or the President. That is, if officially announced the participation of the Russian armed forces at a certain point of the conflict.

There are no restrictions even for conscripts. The Russian army is being built on the basis of two principles. Most of the conscripts recruited under contract, but each year about 300 thousand people – on an appeal. And all of them can refer to any point, including participation in the conflict, with the difference that the employees at the call – after 4 months of preparation.

Only in Syria can send officially, because there is authorization for use of military force under Russian law. And the use of the armed forces on the territory of Ukraine, the Donbass, even under Russian law is not allowed. This is done informally.

– You received complaints from those who are forced to engage in undeclared military conflict?

Krivenko: Such complaints were. The servicemen refused, and, in gene